Building a go kart size Aerial Atom

JTSpeedDemon

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I know very little about electric karts, but my one input is:
SLA'S ARE FRIGGIN' HEAVY!!! :ack2:
And I know that from my ham radio experience!
 

Functional Artist

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Hey FA

You just need to get with the times and go lithium. Either get some 18650s and build a pack with some vruzend connectors or buy some factory built packs from a hybrid or electric road vehicle.

I paid $500 for a single LG Chem battery pack out of a Chrysler Pacific hybrid minivan. Its 16s1p 45ah, weighs 40lbs. Can do over 200amps continuous or 400amps peak. For your current draw you'd see very minimal voltage sag.

You would need a BMS and a charger as well.

---------- Post added at 04:16 PM ---------- Previous post was at 04:04 PM ----------

Oh yeah, FA what you proposed will help you, but only fractionally.

Your idea would increase the capacity of one of your 5 batteries. Let's say that capacity increase is enough to stop the voltage sag for THAT battery. The other 4 batteries will still have the same voltage sag so you'll theoretically reduce your voltage sag by 20%

1) my ElMoto (electric motorcycle) is powered by a 2kWh lithium battery pack (from a Chevy Volt)

2) building homemade lithium packs scare me :ack2:
...too many variables (differing cell capacities, different resistances etc.)

IMO one would need a bunch of (really) closely matched cells
...& also, some good equipment, to verify them as such, to "safely" proceed

3) I really like your kart
...but, I build a lot of karts & find it kinda hard to justify $500.00 for just the battery pack
…& then/plus a BMS & charger :huh:

4) OK, makes sense :thumbsup:
...adding (1) cell to a (5) cell battery pack would/may reduce sag by 1/5th
 

Bmr4Karts

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1) my ElMoto (electric motorcycle) is powered by a 2kWh lithium battery pack (from a Chevy Volt)

2) building homemade lithium packs scare me :ack2:
...too many variables (differing cell capacities, different resistances etc.)

IMO one would need a bunch of (really) closely matched cells
...& also, some good equipment, to verify them as such, to "safely" proceed

3) I really like your kart
...but, I build a lot of karts & find it kinda hard to justify $500.00 for just the battery pack
…& then/plus a BMS & charger :huh:

4) OK, makes sense :thumbsup:
...adding (1) cell to a (5) cell battery pack would/may reduce sag by 1/5th

2) I agree. I'm sticking with factory built packs like my LG Chem. They are built for Chrysler Pacifica hybrid minivan.

3) Thank you.
You gotta pay to play. On my last run I was pulled an average of 90 amps over 10 minutes and max current is over 200 amps (meters max). I'm running 60 volts, so that's 5 batteries in series just for the voltage. To handle the current I'd probably need 3 or 4 sets in parallel. That's a ton of space and weight.

I don't run a BMS. I discharge down to a safe voltage while driving and check the individual cells. Two hard runs so far and the cells drain together within 20mv. I then charge with a hobby charger with individual cell balancing.
 

Functional Artist

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I got my Aerial Atom kart out over the weekend :2guns:
SAM_4624.JPG
I've been thinkin' about (maybe) doin' a couple of modifications (I've learned a bit more, since I built this kart, back in 2018) :idea2:

First off, the "dash bar" is way too low (it just barely clears my knees & I'm not a big guy)
...& maybe check out the steering a bit (I don't remember incorporating the Ackermann concept)
SAM_4625.JPG
Left knee
SAM_4626.JPG
Right knee
SAM_4627.JPG
It's a blast to drive :auto:
...but, I'm just worried that "if" ya hit something "it wouldn't be pretty" :eek:

* As I'm get older, Ima thinkin' a lot more about the "what if's" :cheers2:

Well, let's do something about it :thumbsup:

Here is the "back side" of the old dash bar
SAM_4628.JPG
Ima thinkin', maybe something like "this" :cool:
SAM_4630.JPG
Wow! that'll give us lots more clearance :sifone:
 

Functional Artist

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I made up a dashboard (out of a piece of plastic from the back of, an old TV) :thumbsup:

This one will still have a PZEM-051 "power meter"
...but, Ima gonna add a digital speedometer too (like I installed in the Hell-raiser kart) :cheers2:
SAM_4631 (1).JPG
Yup, I cut that dash bar right off, like I didn't even like it (JK I actually thought about it several times before I did it) :idea2:
SAM_4634.JPG
Quite the difference between the (2) dash bars
SAM_4642.JPG
The (2) dashboards are quite different too
SAM_4643.JPG
My weapons of choice :2guns:
SAM_4655 (1).JPG
Cut 'er off with the cut-off wheel (being careful NOT to damage the "main bar/frame" on the kart)
SAM_4658 (1).JPG
Cleaned 'er up (a bit) with the rough grinder
SAM_4659 (1).JPG
Then, used the fine (40 grit) sanding disc (like it never happened) ;)
SAM_4662.JPG
 

Functional Artist

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While I've got 'er "torn apart" let's work on the steering :thumbsup:

* In this pic, the tie rods are disconnected from the pitman arm
SAM_4691 (1).JPG
* It's pretty kool with how the back of this kart is designed
...where she can "stand up" on her tail
SAM_4694.JPG
I first checked where the Ackermann "angle" need ta be
...with a string, tied to the center of the rear axle

This kart has forward facing spindle arms
...so, to do the Ackermann "adjustment", we need to bring the outer tie rod end "out more" (technical term)
...but, there's not much room, between the tie rod end & the tire, ta move it "out more" :huh:
SAM_4689 (1).JPG
So, were gonna have ta do the adjustment, in the center, on the pitman arm 😉

* This kart currently only has a (1) hole pitman arm
...so, I had ta make up a new one with (2) holes

First, I drew 'er out on a piece of 1/8" steel
...& drilled some holes
SAM_4695.JPG
Cut out the "main piece"
...& redefined the shape a bit
SAM_4696.JPG
Cut 'er some more
...& did some roundin'
SAM_4698.JPG
To keep the tie rods "in alignment" the pitman arm needs to "wrap around" a bit
...so, I did some bendin'
SAM_4704.JPG
Then, I put 'er on the kart
...& installed the tie rod ends
...but, the Ackermann "effect" seemed ta be backwards (worse not better) :ack2:
SAM_4712.JPG
 

Functional Artist

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It looks like we need ta "criss-cross" 'em ;)
...so, I had ta make up some longer tie rod ends

* Then, I found that my double hole pitman arm "clashed" with one of the tie rod ends
...so, I had ta make another (2) hole pitman arm, with more "clearance" (still clashes just a bit)

Also, to help illustrate the angles, I put a piece of cardboard under the front tires :thumbsup:
SAM_4723.JPG
...& drew out the angles with the tires turned in both directions
SAM_4726 (1).JPG
First, I drew a line along the outside of the tire to establish a "straight edge"

So, when doing a right turn the right tire "is" the inside tire (& should turn more)
...& with the right tire turned at "full right", it measured ~3 3/4" (from the straight line)
SAM_4727 (1).JPG
...but then, when turned at "full left" it only measured ~2" (when turning left, the right tire "is" the outside tire & should turn less)

* Yup, this seems ta be more correct :wai:
...because, the inside tire "should" turn at a sharper angle than the outside tire
SAM_4731.JPG

To help "illustrate" it even more, I extended the "lines" & painted 'em :cheers2:
SAM_4735.JPG

I also, did a video to help show "all of this" :2guns:
 
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Functional Artist

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Looking good FA!! Just out of interest.....would the batteries on the kart still be good after all these years/ Do they just need to be charged?
Hey pal,
How have you been doin'?
...& thanks! :cheers2:

Well, I try ta connect the charger to them, about once a month, while in storage

When I got 'er out, (1) of them seem ta have went "bad" while sitting :huh:
...but, upon further examination I found that the (1) that "went bad", was actually damaged :mad:

It had a crack in the bottom
...& some of the "gel" seemed to have "leaked out" (technical term) ;)

* I guess the Liquid Electrical Tape, that I used ta try-n-seal 'er up, didn't "do the trick" :eek:
SAM_4638.JPG
So, I replaced it with another (like/also used) cell
...& charged 'em up

Now, the pack seems ta "work" OK
...but, ya can tell their getting "old" & weaker :(

It was good ta hear from ya :thumbsup:
...'cause we miss ya ;)
 

landuse

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Hey pal,
How have you been doin'?
...& thanks! :cheers2:

Well, I try ta connect the charger to them, about once a month, while in storage

When I got 'er out, (1) of them seem ta have went "bad" while sitting :huh:
...but, upon further examination I found that the (1) that "went bad", was actually damaged :mad:

It had a crack in the bottom
...& some of the "gel" seemed to have "leaked out" (technical term) ;)

* I guess the Liquid Electrical Tape, that I used ta try-n-seal 'er up, didn't "do the trick" :eek:
View attachment 133276
So, I replaced it with another (like/also used) cell
...& charged 'em up

Now, the pack seems ta "work" OK
...but, ya can tell their getting "old" & weaker :(

It was good ta hear from ya :thumbsup:
...'cause we miss ya ;)
Oh ok. At least you didnt have to replace them all. :thumbsup: :D
 
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